new zealand electronic poetry centre


Robin Hyde

about Robin Hyde
[Parts 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, Notes]

THE VICTORY HYMN 1935 - 1995


1 Robin Hyde, 1935 Journal. Holograph notebook, Derek Challis Collection; typed copy NZMS 837, APL.

2 Journal, 1 March 1935. Hyde reports on various literary projects in the journal February-July 1935; she also gives accounts of daily life in the extramural ward of a mental hospital where she was a voluntary patient 1933-37.

3 Author’s foreword, The Godwits Fly. London: Hurst and Blackett, 1938.

4 ‘To L.H.B. (1894-1915)’, Poems of Katherine Mansfield, ed. Vincent O’Sullivan. Auckland: Oxford UP, 1988, p.54.

5 Iris Wilkinson papers B-14, AU.

6 Journal, 13 June 1935 continued.

7 For description of ‘Chariot Wheels’ mss see Patrick Sandbrook, ‘Robin Hyde: A Writer at Work’, PhD thesis, Massey University 1985, pp. 372-73.

8 Journal, 13 June 1935 concluded.

9 Letter No. 84 to J.H.E. Schroder, [late 1935]. MS 280-06, ATL.

10 See The Odes of Pindar, ed. C.M. Bowra. Harmondsworth: Penguin, 1969.

11 See Shelley, The Complete Poetical Works, ed. Thomas Hutchison. London: Oxford UP, 1905; Hyde, Persephone in Winter. London: Hurst and Blackett, 1937, p.9.

12 A Home in This World. Auckland: Longman Paul, 1984, p.12.

13 See John Edgar, trans., The Homeric Hymns. Edinburgh, 1891, p.13; also etymologies in The New Century Dictionary. New York, 1889.

14 ‘Chariot Wheels’, III. i.

15 ‘Chariot Wheels’, II. ii.

16 Passport to Hell. London: Hurst and Blackett, 1936, pp. 199-200. A pencilled list of chapter titles 1-9 of Passport to Hell appears on the verso of p.4 of the Victory Song Holograph.

17 ‘Chariot Wheels’, III. iii.

18 All quotations from ‘The Victory Hymn’ follow the Chariot Wheels Setting.

19 The Griffin Press was established as an imprint in 1934 but in 1935 Holloway was still working for Robert Lowry at the Unicorn Press.

20 See Houses by the Sea and Later Poems of Robin Hyde, ed. Gloria Rawlinson. Christchurch: Caxton, 1952, p. 46.

21 See Rawlinson, Intro. to Houses by the Sea, p.20.

22 Holograph inscription, Christmas 1938 Typescript, p.1.

23 Rawlinson dates Hyde’s acquisition of a new typewriter in her chronological listing of poems at AU. Paper dating is verified in a letter of 9 January 1984 from Colin Edwards of Charles Morgan & Co. (UK) to David Kerr of Wiggins teape (NZ) which was passed on to Patrick Sandbrook.

24 ‘The Book of Nadath’, p.1 Holograph ms. B-13, AU. See Sandbrook (pp. 367-68) for description of the ms and (pp. 243-59) for discussion of the poem.

25 Letter No. 94 to J.H.E. Schroder, 2 September 1937. MS 280-07, ATL.

26 Letterpress card, folded, 50 mm x 65 mm. Holloway/Griffin Material, Typographical Collection A-58, AU.

27 See correspondence from Rawlinson and Glover, Schroder Papers MS 280-10, ATL.

28 D.I.B Smith, ‘A Note on the Text’, Passport to Hell by Robin Hyde. 1936; Auckland UP, 1986, p. xxii.



Primary Sources

1. Published material

The Desolate Star and Other Poems. Christchurch: Whitcombe and Tombs, 1929.

Journalese. Auckland: The National Printing Co., 1934.

The Conquerors and Other Poems. London: Macmillan, 1935.

Passport to Hell: The Story of James Douglas Stark, Bomber, Fifth Regiment, New Zealand

Expeditionary Forces. London: Hurst and Blackett, 1936. Rev. ed. 1937; rpt. with intro. by D.I.B. Smith. Auckland: Auckland Univ. Press, 1986.

Check to Your King: The Life History of Charles, Baron de Thierry, King of Nukahiva,

Sovereign Chief of New Zealand. London: Hurst and Blackett, 1936. Rpt., with intro. by Joan Stevens. Wellington: A.H. and A.W. Reed, 1960. Rpt. Auckland: Golden Press, 1975.

Wednesday's Children. London: Hurst and Blackett, 1937. Rpt. with intro. and critical

afterword by Susan Ash. Auckland: New Women's Press, 1989; rpt. Dunedin: Univ. of Otago Press, 1993.

Persephone in Winter: poems. London: Hurst and Blackett, 1937.

Nor the Years Condemn. London: Hurst and Blackett, 1938. Rpt. with intro. by Phillida

Bunkle, Linda Hardy and Jacqueline Matthews. Auckland: New Women's Press, 1986; rpt. Dunedin: Univ. of Otago Press, 1995.

The Godwits Fly. London: Hurst and Blackett, 1938. Rev. ed. with intro. by Gloria Rawlinson.

Auckland: Auckland Univ. Press, 1970; rpt. 1974, 1980, 1984, 1993.

Dragon Rampant. London: Hurst and Blackett, 1939. Rpt. with intro. by Derek Challis, critical

note by Linda Hardy. Auckland: New Women's Press, 1984.

Houses by the Sea and the Later Poems of Robin Hyde. Ed. Gloria Rawlinson. Christchurch:

Caxton, 1952.

A Home in This World. Intro. Derek Challis. Auckland: Longman Paul, 1984.

Selected Poems of Robin Hyde. Ed. Lydia Wevers. Auckland: Oxford Univ. Press, 1984.

Disputed Ground: Robin Hyde, Journalist. Ed. Gillian Boddy and Jacqueline Matthews.

Wellington: Victoria Univ. Press, 1991.

2. Unpublished material referred to here

1935 Journal. Holograph notebook, Derek Challis Collection. Copy typed by Gloria Rawlinson

NZ MS 837, APL.

‘Unicorn Pasture’. Short story collection, 1935. Derek Challis Collection.

‘Chariot Wheels’. Typed playscript, 1935 (2 copies). Derek Challis Collection.

‘The Unbelievers’. Typescript novel, 1935. Derek Challis Collection.

‘These Poor Old Hands’. Novel, 1935. No surviving typescript.

‘The Book of Nadath’. Holograph poem, 1937. Iris Wilkinson Papers B-13, AU.

Letters to J.H.E. Schroder, 1927-39. Schroder Papers MS 280 (01-10), ATL.

Poetry MSS, 1925-37. Collated 1959 by Gloria Rawlinson. Iris Wilkinson Papers B-14, AU.


Secondary Sources

The Century Dictionary: An Encyclopedic Lexicon of the English Language. Ed. William

Dwight Whitney. 6 vols. New York, 1889.

Edgar, John, trans. The Homeric Hymns. Edinburgh, 1891.

Edwards, Colin. Letter to David Kerr, 9 January 1984. Patrick Sandbrook Correspondence.

Holloway, Ron. Letterpress card announcement of Hyde's death, August 1939. Holloway/Griffin Material. Typographical Collection A-58, AU.

Keegan, John. The Second World War. London: Hutchinson, 1989.

Mansfield, Katherine. Poems. Ed. Vincent O'Sullivan. Auckland: Oxford Univ. Press, 1988.

Palmer, A.W. A Dictionary of Modern History 1789-1945. 1962; Harmondsworth: Penguin,


Pindar. The Odes. Trans. C.M. Bowra. Harmondsworth: Penguin, 1969.

Sandbrook, Patrick. "Robin Hyde: A Writer at Work". Ph.D thesis, Massey University 1985.

Shelley, Percy Bysshe. The Complete Poetical Works. Ed. Thomas Hutchison. London:

Oxford Univ. Press, 1905.


ACL Auckland City Central Library

ATL Alexander Turnbull Library, Wellington

AU University of Auckland Manuscripts and Archives.

Last updated 07 September, 2001